The cultural heritage of Nepal is a unique combination of tradition and novelty where one can gain an unexpected experience once they indulge themselves. The multilingual and multicultural country has managed to preserve hundreds of cultural heritages of historical importance. The land is rich with unique cultural groups like Tharu,Yadav, Ahir, Newars and others. Hospitality among the people is another reason why tourists are so attracted towards the country. The culture reflects in the native people. They are considered culturally warm, hospitable and affectionate hosts who place their heart above their head.
Capital City ‘Kathmandu’
Kathmandu Valley, which is home to hundreds of sacred Buddhist and Hindu sites, is a unique part of Nepalese history and culture. Its outstanding significance and fusion between the two religions has been recognized by the inscription of seven groups of monuments in the Kathmandu Valley on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The magnificent temples, monasteries, stupas, palaces, monuments and every other architectural beauty of the valley are glorious cultural treasures of the country.
Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan are three major historical cities. Art, architecture and culture was developed and flourished to its full potential during the 13th century to the 17th century. Diverse dynasty ruled the country so far. Kirant, Lichchhavis, Mallas, and Shah – all with their own distinct cultures and architectures. These rulers have left religious, cultural, and architectural heritages which can be encountered as in these sites. The birth place of Lord Buddha, Lumbini is another world heritage site listed by UNESCO.
Seven monument sites of the Kathmandu Valley are included in the World Cultural Heritage list by UNESCO. Of the seven sites, three are centered on the ancient medieval palaces of the valley. Namely, the Hanuman Dhoka Durbar (Palace) Square in Kathmandu, Patan Durbar Square in Patan (Lalitpur) and Bhaktapur Durbar Square in Bhaktapur. These palaces hold the history of Malla King’s residence. Whereas, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath Stupa, the temple complex of Lord Pashupatinath in Kathmandu and Changu Narayan Temple in Bhaktapur are the rest of the sites in the list.
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